Eating: Etiquettes & Supplications [53-58]

53. Any leftover food on utensils and cutlery should be licked and eaten, and anything liquid should be drunk. This is a means of great blessing and virtue.

Anas (r.a.) narrates: “When the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) ate, he would lick his three fingers, and he would say: ‘If one of you drops a piece (of food) then let him remove any harm (dirt) from it and eat it, and do not leave it for Shaytan.’ And he would order us to finish (clean) the utensil. And he said: ‘Indeed you do not know in which part of your food is the blessing.’” (Muslim)

Abū Hurayrah (r.a.) narrates that when the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would finish eating, he would lick his fingers and say: “There is barakah (blessing) in licking the utensil.” (Mu‘jam-ul-Awsat Ṭabarānī)

It is reported from Jābir bin Abdullah (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “Do not take away the utensil until you lick it, or have it licked by someone else, as there is barakah (blessing) in the last portion of the food.” (Musnad Aḥmad)

Nubaishah Al-Khair (r.a.) narrated to us that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “Whoever eats from a bowl, then licks it, the bowl will (in its own special way) seek forgiveness for him.” (Tirmidhī, Musnad Aḥmad)

To acquire barakah (blessing), one should make it a point to throughly clean utensils and cutlery from food.

54. Avoid eating from utensils and cutlery made of gold and silver. Prophetic narrations explicitly prohibit such a practice.

Hudayfah (r.a.) reports that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) forbade us to drink in gold or silver utensils, and said, “These things are for them (disbelivers) in this world and for you (Muslims) in the Hereafter.” (Bukhārī)

Umme Salamah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “He who drinks in silver utensils is only filling his belly with Hell Fire (i.e. as a result of this sin one will be entered into the Hell Fire.” (Bukhārī)

In light of the above narrations, it is forbidden for both men and women to eat and drink from gold or silver utensils.

55. Attempt to eat together as it holds great blessings and virtue. Avoid eating alone to the best of one’s ability.

It is narrated by Abū Hurayrah (r.a.) and Jābir (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: The most beloved food in the eyes of Allāh is that which has the most hands (i.e. a meal which has the most number of participants). (Musnad Abī Ya‘lā)

Waḥsī bin Ḥarb (r.a.) narrates that the companions of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “O Messenger of Allah, we eat but we are not satisfied.” He said: “Perhaps you eat separately.” They replied: “Yes.” He said: “If you gather together at your food and mention Allah’s name, you will be blessed in it.” (Abū Dāwūd)

Abū Hurayrah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The food for two persons is sufficient for three, and the food of three persons is sufficient for four persons.” (Bukhārī)

Jābir bin Abdullah (r.a.) narrates that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said: “The food for one person is sufficient for two persons, and the food for two persons is sufficient for four persons, and the food for four persons is sufficient for eight persons.” (Muslim)

Anas bin Malik (r.a.) reports that the morning and evening meal of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would be brought in the presence of many people (and everyone would partake of it together. (Musnad Aḥmad)

Those households in which everyone tends to eat separately are void of blessings and goodness. Along with eating together at one time, it is also virtuous for multiple people to eat from one utensil.

56. Give preference to eating with the poor and religious over the affluent.

57. If someone arrives during a meal, invite them to partake.

58. If you are invited to a meal, but not inclined to eating, a supplication of blessings should be made to the host (e.g. by saying bārakallāh).

(Adapted from Khāne Pīne ke Ādāb by Muftī Muhammad Riḍwan. Published by Kutub Khāna Idāra Gufrān, Rawalpindi.)

More to follow …

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