17. To wear shoes while eating is contradictory to the sunnah method. Though it may not be a sin, but it is similar to the style of those who are non-Muslim and that of the arrogant. As a result, one should abstain from making this a habit. However, in cases of necessity, one may eat while wearing shoes.
18. The habit of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was to eat in a state of humility. For this reason, standing and eating is a disliked practice, and contrary to the sunnah method. There are also prophetic narrations which prohibit this.
It is narrated from Qatādah (r.a.) that Anas (r.a.) said, “The Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) prohibited that a man should drink while standing.” [Qatadah (r.a.) said:] So we asked: “And eating ?” He [Anas (r.a.)] said: “That is worse.” (Muslim)
In another narration of Anas (r.a) it is mentioned that the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) prohibited to eat or drink while standing. (Musnad Bazzār)
Despite the above, there are narrations which have mention of the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) eating and drinking while standing. Similarly, there are a few companions regarding who eating while standing has been reported.
Accordingly, the scholars have differed in their opinion on the ruling of eating and drinking while standing. From these opinions, the preferred and relied upon opinion is that eating and drinking while standing is makrūh tanzīhī (mildly disliked). In addition, the dislike of eating while standing is greater than drinking while standing, as eating will take more time as opposed to drinking. Anything which is insignificant and is not considered as proper food, may be consumed while standing or walking.
(Adapted from Khāne Pīne ke Ādāb by Muftī Muhammad Riḍwan. Published by Kutub Khāna Idāra Gufrān, Rawalpindi.)
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