6. In normal circumstances, both hands should be washed until the wrists as prophetic narrations make mention of the hands or the palms. For this reason, some scholars have made washing merely the fingers or just one hand, as insufficient. However, if someone suffices only on washing that part of the hand which will be used for eating, then there is no harm.
7. Drying the hands with a towel or cloth after washing them is neither sunnah nor mustahabb (preferable), as the use of a towel will (sometimes) soil the hands. However, if the towel or cloth is clean, then drying the hands will be of no harm.
8. If a respectable person is present at the meal, then they should be allowed to begin washing their hands.
9. It is recommended for the host to have the hands of the guests washed before the arrival of the food.
10. It is not necessary to rinse the mouth before or after eating in normal circumstances. However, there is no harm in doing so should one wish to do so. Rinsing the mouth on some occasions has been transmitted from the Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace), especially when being in the state of major ritual impurity (i.e. when in need of ghusl). For this reason, some fuqahā (jurists) have considered eating without rinsing the mouth while in the state of major ritual impurity as makrūh tanzīhī (mildly disliked). As such, it is better for a person in the state of major ritual impurity to rinse the mouth before consuming anything. Although, for a woman in the state of ḥayḍ (menstruation) or nifās (post-natal bleeding), this is not necessary.
(Adapted from Khāne Pīne ke Ādāb by Muftī Muhammad Riḍwan. Published by Kutub Khāna Idāra Gufrān, Rawalpindi.)
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