Two Rakaʿāt’s (units) Before Fajr

There are two rakaʿāt’s (units) of ṣalāh which hold the status of sunnah mu’akaddah (emphasised) before the fajr ṣalāh which are greatly emphasised.

It is narrated from Aisha (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) used to offer two light rakaʿāt’s (units) of ṣalāh between the adhān and the iqāmah of the fajr ṣalāh.” (Bukhārī)

And it is narrated from Hafsah (r.a.) that: “When the Mu’adhin pronounced the adhān for fajr ṣalāh and dawn became evident, Messenger of Allāh (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) offered two light rakaʿāt’s (units) of ṣalāh before the iqāmah of the compulsory (congregational) ṣalāh.” (Bukhārī)

And it was also narrated that ‘Aishah (r.a.) said: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) used to perform two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr ṣalāh, and he used to say: ‘The best two sūrah to recite in the rakaʿāt’s (units) of fajr ṣalāh are: “Qul Huwallāhu Aḥad” [Al-Ikhlas (112)] and “Qul Yā-ayyuhal Kāfirūn.” [Al-Kafirun (109)] (Ibn Mājah)

The abundant recitation of the above the two sūrah’s in the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr has also been reported from the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) himself. As the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would offer the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr ṣalāh in a light manner, the recitation of the above two light sūrah’s was befitting.

It is narrated from ‘Aishah (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said regarding the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr ṣalāh, ‘They are more beloved to me than red camels.’” (Musnad Ṭayālisī)

The same has been narrated from Umar (r.a.).

The Arabs considered red camels a very valuable commodity and the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) regarded the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr as more valuable than red camels.

It is narrated from ‘Aishah (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘The two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr are better than the world and whatever it contains.’” (Muslim)

In another narration, the wording is, “The two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr are dearer to me than the world and whatever it contains.” (Muslim)

‘Aishah (r.a.) says that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was never more regular and strict in offering any nawāfil (voluntary prayers) than the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr.” (Bukhārī)

In another narration of ‘Aishah (r.a.) the wording is, “I have never seen the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) more quick (regular) in performing nawāfil (voluntary prayers) than the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr.” (Muslim)

It is also narrated from ‘Aishah (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would not in any circumstance forego the four rakaʿāt’s (units) before ẓuhr or the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr.” (Musnad Aḥmad)

It is narrated from ‘Aishah (r.a.) that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) would offer four rakaʿāt’s (units) before ẓuhr in which he would prolong the qiyām (standing), and offer the rukū (bowing) and sujūd (prostration) in a beautiful manner. The ṣalāh which neither a healthy, ill, traveller, or resident should forego are the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr.” (Musnad Aḥmad)

It is narrated from Abū Hurayrah (r.a.) with a weak chain of narration that: “The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, ‘Do not forego the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr even if you are trampled by horses.’” (Musnad Aḥmad)

Ibn ʿAwn (r.a.) says that he asked Mujāhid whether Ibn ʿUmar (r.a.) would perform the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr? He replied, “I have never seen him miss them whether he was travelling or at home.” (Musannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah)

It is narrated from Walīd Ibn ʿAbdur-Rahmān that ʿUmar (r.a.) said: “Do not forego the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr as they contain things which are yearned (great blessings and reward)” (Musannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah)

The above shows that two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr hold great importance and virtue. Some scholars have given these two rakaʿāt’s (units) so much importance that if an individual were to pass away after performing them before being able to perform the fajr ṣalāh itself, then such an individual would be rewarded the reward of having performed fajr ṣalāh.

Other scholars, due to its significance, have regarded the two rakaʿāt’s (units) before fajr as wājib (mandatory).

As a result, one should make an effort of performing the two rakaʿāt’s (units) sunnah at their prescribed time.

(Adapted from Nafl wa Sunnat Namāzō(n) ke Faḍāil wa Aḥkām by Muftī Muhammad Riḍwan. 

Published by Kutub Khāna Idāra Gufrān, Rawalpindi.)

Categories: FiqhTags: , , , , , ,

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