During his lifetime, Rasūlullāh ﷺ guided his followers by enjoining good and prohibiting evil. This was achieved through various methods, such as, mentioning virtues and promises or admonishments and punishments.
In future posts we aim to reproduce aḥādīth containing a specific style of admonishment where Rasūlullāh ﷺ warned from certain actions with the phrase “he is not from amongst us” (laysa minna); meaning, that these acts are of such an abominable nature that it’s perpetrator has been described and labelled, by Rasūlullāh ﷺ, as someone who is not deserving of being part of his nation, style and way of life. In simple words, it is a phrase, to express his severe dislike and contempt for the action and overwhelming remorse over the doer.
There are many opinions as to what “he is not from amongst us” (laysa minna) refers to, which will be discussed further on; however, after studying all the aḥādīth in which the phrase “he is not from amongst us” (laysa minna) is found, we can conclude that this phrase entails a very broad scope for meaning and interpretation. As a result, we find this phrase used for an individual who has left the fold of Islam altogether, while in other instances; it is used when a mere a virtuous deed is omitted. Thus, the best way forward is that the interpretation of “he is not from amongst us” (laysa minna) is left open to interpretation and a meaning specified according to the action and circumstance. If, for instance, only one interpretation was chosen, it would be difficult to gather all the aḥādīth under that interpretation.
When we study the vast collection of aḥādīth, we find the following actions mentioned with the phrase “he is not from amongst us” (laysa minna):
- To act contrary to the way of Rasūlullāh ﷺ.
- To not show affection to the young.
- To not respect the elders.
- To not hold the people of knowledge in high esteem.
- To commit sorcery
- To have sorcery committed.
- To not recite the Qur’an in a melodious tone.
- To wail and cry excessively upon someone’s death.
- To mourn excessively.
- To not get married despite having the means.
- Calling towards partisanship and tribalism or do die for its cause.
- To imitate the non-Muslims.
- To cheat in horse racing.
- To practice divination.
- To have divination practiced.
- To take ill-omen.
- To have an ill-omen taken.
- To grow the moustache excessively.
- For women to imitate men.
- For men to imitate women.
- To deny predestination.
- To refrain from hitting a snake with the fear of its retribution.
- To raise a weapon against a believer or to frighten him.
- To shave the beard and moustache as a way of mourning the deceased.
- To rip the collar when mourning.
- To make a false claim.
- To fight for ones tribe.
- To abstain from enjoining good.
- To abstain from prohibiting evil.
- To rob or unlawfully usurp someone’s wealth.
- To not pray witr ṣalāh.
- To take oath on something other than Allāh.
- To flatter or behave obsequiously with influential or wealthy individuals.
- To learn the art of archery and warfare and then forget it.
- To turn the wife against the husband of the husband against the wife.
- To turn the slave against the master.
- To engage in marital relations with an expecting prisoner of war.
- To not remove hair from around the private parts.
- To not clip the nails.
- To turn the servant against the master.
Apart from the above, in Sūrah al-Anʿām, Verse 159, Allāh has also disassociated from the way of Rasūlullāh ﷺ those who divide up their religion and become factions.
An amazing point to note about the above list of actions is that majority of them are related to social conduct and the rights of servants. This is a clear indication of the degree to which Islam has guided its followers towards maintaining good social relations.
The objective of collecting and commenting on these aḥādīth is to refrain from committing these acts.
May Allāh accept this and make it a means of us refraining from the aforementioned acts.
(Adapted from “Wo Ham Mein se Nahin” by Mawlānā Muhammad Uwais Sarwar. Published by Bayt-ul-ʿUlūm)
Categories: He is Not From Us [Laysa Minna]